酷兔英语

Beginnings in Greece

Over 2,500 years ago the ancient Greeks began to stage a sporting contest every four years in the town of Olympia. The competition, which became known as The Olympic Games, attracted athletes from all over Greece to compete in events such as running, long jump, javelin and discus throwing, wrestling, boxing and chariot racing. The competition was for men only, and women were not even allowed to go and watch. Each competitor covered his body with olive oil to highlight his physique, and then competed in the nude. The event was not only a celebration of sporting ability, but also a celebration of the beauty of the human body. The Games were held until 389 A.D., after which they were outlawed by the Roman Emperor Theodore I the Great. Some historians believe he saw the event as a pagan religious festival, and therefore as a threat to Christianity and Christian morality.

2500多年前,古希腊人开始在奥林匹亚镇每四年举办一次体育比赛。 这项名为奥运会的比赛吸引了来自希腊各地的运动员参加比赛,如跑步,跳远,标枪和铁饼投掷,摔跤,拳击和战车比赛。 比赛仅针对男性,甚至不允许女性去观看比赛。 每个参赛者用橄榄油覆盖他的身体以突出他的体格,然后参加裸体比赛。 这次活动不仅是对运动能力的庆祝,也是对人体美的一种庆祝。 奥运会一直持续到公元前389年,之后他们被罗马皇帝Theodore I the Great取缔。 一些历史学家认为他认为这个事件是一个异教徒的宗教节日,因此对基督教和基督教道德构成了威胁。

wordexample sentencemeaning
abilityShe has the ability to be a world champion, but she needs a world-class coach.skill in doing something, resulting from talent and training
ancientSports were popular in ancient Greece, where the Olympic Games were born.relating to a period of history a very long time ago; very old
athleteThe world's best athletes compete in the Olympic Games.a person who trains and competes in a sport
boxingBoxing matches are staged in weight-based divisions, such as lightweight and heavyweight.a hand-to-hand combat sport in which punches are thrown to score points
celebrationThe ancient Olympics were a celebration of both sporting ability and the human body.an act or event that praises or expresses joy in something
chariotDo you think chariot racing should be an event in the modern Olympics?a two-wheeled horse-drawn vehicle used in ancient times for wars and for racing
competeAthletes train hard to prepare themselves to compete against their opponents.to take part in a contest or a competition
competitionOur team won this year's football competition, so we had a party to celebrate.an organized event in which people compete to win
contestThe winners of our national swimming contest will compete in the Olympic Games.a game or event in which people compete to win
discusDiscus throwing is one of the oldest events in athletics.an event in which the discus, a disc-shaped object, is thrown
event (1)The Millennium Stadium is used for both cultural and sporting events.a planned and organized occasion
event (2)Joe competes in several athletics events, including the 100 metres hurdles and the long jump.a particular contest in a sporting programme
festivalChristmas is a religious festival, while Chinese New Year is a seasonal festival.celebration of a religious or cultural occasion
hold (hold, held, held)The next Winter Olympics will be held in Canada in 2010.to organize and carry out an event, such as a meeting or a contest
javelinJavelin throwing was one of the events in the original Olympic Games.an event in which the javelin, a spear-like object, is thrown
nudeIn the ancient Olympics, athletes competed in the nude.without clothes; naked
outlawTaking drugs to improve athleticperformance has been outlawed for many years.to make something illegal; to ban something
paganThe Olympics Games were banned because they were seen as being a pagan festival.relating to a religion other than Christianity, Judaism or Islam
physiqueWeightlifters have more muscular physiques, and distance runners have lean physiques.the form or shape of a person's body
stageThe World Cup football competition is staged every four years.to organize and carry out an event or a performance
threatWhy did the Roman Emperor think the Olympic Games were a threat to Christianity?a person or thing that is regarded as dangerous and likely to cause harm
wrestlingThe Olympic Games feature two wrestling styles; Greco-Roman and Freestyle.a hand-to-hand combat sport in which holds, throws and locks are used to gain control of an opponent

生词表:
  • contest [kən´test, ´kɔntest] 移动到这儿单词发声  v.争辩 n.争夺;竞赛   (初中英语单词)
  • competition [,kɔmpi´tiʃən] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.比赛;竞争   (初中英语单词)
  • greece [gri:s] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.希腊   (初中英语单词)
  • compete [kəm´pi:t] 移动到这儿单词发声  v.比赛,竞争,对抗   (初中英语单词)
  • running [´rʌniŋ] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.奔跑的;流动的   (初中英语单词)
  • boxing [´bɔksiŋ] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.拳击运动   (初中英语单词)
  • ability [ə´biliti] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.(办事)能力;才干   (初中英语单词)
  • emperor [´empərə] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.皇帝   (初中英语单词)
  • therefore [´ðeəfɔ:] 移动到这儿单词发声  ad.&conj.因此;所以   (初中英语单词)
  • champion [´tʃæmpiən] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.冠军 vt.拥护   (初中英语单词)
  • talent [´tælənt] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.天才;才干;天资   (初中英语单词)
  • cultural [´kʌltʃərəl] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.文化(上)的;教养的   (初中英语单词)
  • organize [´ɔ:gənaiz] 移动到这儿单词发声  v.组织;编组;建立   (初中英语单词)
  • performance [pə´fɔ:məns] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.履行;行为;工作   (初中英语单词)
  • chariot [´tʃæriət] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.古时双轮战车   (高中英语单词)
  • competitor [kəm´petitə] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.竞争者;比赛者   (高中英语单词)
  • celebration [,seli´breiʃən] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.庆祝(会);庆典   (高中英语单词)
  • festival [´festivəl] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.节日;庆祝;欢庆   (高中英语单词)
  • threat [θret] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.恐吓,威胁   (高中英语单词)
  • christianity [,kristi´æniti] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.基督教;基督精神   (高中英语单词)
  • combat [´kɔmbæt] 移动到这儿单词发声  v.&n.斗争;战斗;争斗   (高中英语单词)
  • athletic [æθ´letik] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.运动的;强壮的   (高中英语单词)
  • muscular [´mʌskjulə] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.肌肉的;强有力的   (高中英语单词)
  • opponent [ə´pəunənt] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.对立的 n.对手   (高中英语单词)
  • vehicle [´vi:ikəl] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.车辆;媒介物   (英语四级单词)
  • athletics [æθ´letiks] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.体育(运动);竞技   (英语四级单词)
  • javelin [´dʒævəlin] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.标枪   (英语六级单词)
  • illegal [i´li:gəl] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.不合法的,非法的   (英语六级单词)