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Table Manner Tips Every Guy Should Know(整理:中英文)  0点    

 

 

We all remember the basics our mothers taught us about table manners–no elbows on the dinner table and don’t talk with your mouth full. But ever wonder which fork to use for your salad or how to signal a waiter at a fancy restaurant? Read on and learn the basic table manner tips that will be sure to impress your date, girlfriend/wife’s parents, employers or whomever you dine with. 

 

Table Setting Placement 

 

In formal settings, all the silverware, glassware, cups, saucers and the like are placed on the table, so it’s often difficult to know which fork to use when or which water glass is yours. As a general rule to thumb, silverware is lined up in the order in which a person will use them, going from the outside, in. For instance, the fork and knife used for the salad are placed in the outermost of the setting, farthest from your plate (with the exception of the spoon). Dessert silverware, if not brought out with the dessert, are placed at the top of your entrée plate. Glassware, cup and saucer are placed to your right, while the napkin, bread plate and butter spreader to your left. 

 

10 Table Manner Tips 

 

Now that you know how the table setting is laid out and when to use each, here are 10 table manner tips for the duration of the meal: 

 

When dining with six or more, it’s polite to wait till roughly 50% of the table has their food before starting your meal. In smaller groups, wait until the entire table has their food, unless food temperature is at high risk in decreasing the enjoyment of the meal, and/or others at the table incessantly insist you begin. 

You can and should use your knife to cut large pieces of lettuce or other ingredients in your salad. Nothing is worse than trying to shove a large piece of lettuce in your mouth and having some of it stick out. (No brainer, but this applies to your entrée as well.) 

The proper way to butter a piece of bread is to rip off a piece that’s about one or two bites in size, butter it, and eat it. Repeat. Never bite straight into a roll, and refrain from cutting it in half and buttering. 

While cutting meat, the correct way is to cut a piece and then switch your fork to your right hand to pick it up. This method is considered the “American” way. Not switching your fork and using your left is called the “Continental” way, and is done most often in European countries. This way is gaining acceptance and I wouldn’t be surprised if one day soon it’s considered acceptable in fine dining. Also, cut meat a piece at a time. Cutting the entire meat up into pieces or cutting more than one at a time is tacky. 

Wipe your mouth before taking a sip of your drink. It’s unsightly to see food particles or grease on the rim of your glass. Also, it’s considered rude to take a sip of your drink with your mouth full. Plus, backwash is gross! 

When leaving the table during the course of your meal, put your napkin on your chair, not the table. No one wants to see your stained napkin. And at the completion of the meal, place it on the left of your plate, or if your plate has been cleared, in the center. 

When in a situation where you have to pass food or condiments to others at the table, pass it to your right, or counter clockwise. Never do a “boarding house reach” across the table. 

When you don’t want to swallow a piece of food in your mouth (e.g. a bone or a piece of fat), move the piece to the front of your mouth and use your fork (or spoon if that’s what you were using) to retrieve it from your mouth and into the side of your plate. The only time its okay to use your fingers is when it’s a fish bone. 

To get the waiter’s attention, the most polite way is to make eye contact. However chances are they are busy and/or are ignoring you. It’s acceptable to raise your hand to head level, just don’t go overboard by raising it way above your head and wave it about. 

When you’re done with your meal, the proper placement of the silverware is to lay them parallel to each other and across the plate with the handles facing the right. To clarify, the ends would be facing 10 o’clock and four. Note: Not all waiters will know this and they still may ask you if it’s okay to clear your plate. At least you appear classy. 

 

After reading this, you may realize you may not have as good table manners as you thought you did. (It’s okay, it happens to the best of us.) And honestly, I’m not saying this is the “be all, end all” of lists, but if you follow these table manner tips, you’ll be a step closer towards proper table etiquette. 

 

The correct placement of your knife and fork at the end of service is facing 12 O’clock, not off to the side of your plate. 

 

The “outside to inside” rule falls apart when the chef decides that the service order is not what you expect. Many places believe that the salad is properly served after the entree or that fish comes after salad but before the entree. Learn what each fork looks like. The main fork is the largest, followed by a very similar looking smaller salad fork. Anything left over is either a fork for an extra course or some flavour of fish fork. 

 

Always keep your fork in your left hand. Never switch or start with the right hand. 

 

When cutting meat, make sure that you let the knife do the work. Saw the meat by holding the blade at about 45 degrees to the plate and using the tip of the knife. 

 

Always pass the condiments to the closest neighbour who’s paying attention going in the direction of the person desiring the condiments. Where the heck did, “always go counter-clockwise” come from? 

 

Some other advice: 

 

1) Always move your spoon away from you when spooning soup and 

 

2) Remember that your bun is always on your left. 

 

3) Taste your food before you salt it or put other condiments on it. 

 

4) Learn to turn your plate with your baby fingers so that the food you’re looking to eat is closest to you on the plate. 

 

5) Be polite and understanding to your waiter. They are not your personal dinner servant so treat them like the professional and invaluable member of the dining experience that they are. 

 

6) Never turn your fork so that the tynes are pointing up. There are very few courses where only one fork is used. In fact, it is becoming fashionable for the salad course to be provided an extra “salad knife”. 

 

Finally, the point of table etiquette is to make other people feel comfortable and to show respect to the various people involved in your meal. If you just remember that simple point, no matter how “gauche” you act, you’ll always be classy. 

 

关于西方的餐桌礼仪 

 

1.辨认餐桌刀叉 

一份正宗的西餐餐具共包括:牛油刀、面包碟、前菜用刀叉、主菜用刀叉、喝汤用汤匙、甜品用叉匙、红酒酒杯、白酒酒杯。 

2.正确摆放餐巾 

餐巾不仅要摆在腿上,还应该注意要将其对折,并将折痕靠近自己。中途暂时离席应将餐巾放在椅子上或用刀压着餐巾一角任其垂下,绝对不要将其挂在椅背上或放回餐桌上。 

3.如何用刀叉 

如果实在记不清刀叉用途,就只记住使用刀叉次序一定是由外至内。还有在使用刀叉时一定不要动用“蛮力”,要以前臂的力气切食物,使刀叉基本呈90度角的状态,如中途离席,刀叉应呈“八”字放置,叉背向上放,这表示“我还没吃完呢”。叉背向下表示用餐完毕,侍应生会过来收走盘子,已经吃饱的话,应该把刀叉并排放在盘子右面,叉背向下,刀在叉子的右侧。 

4.双手取食物 

向自己的盘中取食物时,一定要用双手。取一只烤土豆也要用左手拿叉、右手持汤匙将食物夹到自己的盘中。不要只用一只叉子将食物叉到盘中了事,那是极不礼貌的。 

5.喝汤及吃面包 

汤很热也绝不可以用嘴吹气。舀第一匙的作用就是“探热”,一般不要舀太满。汤匙要由内向外舀,汤剩下不多时可以将汤盘轻轻向外倾斜。 

吃面包时,一定不要将整个面包拿起来放入口中咬着吃。合乎礼仪的吃法是把面包用手撕成小片,再缓缓放入口中。 

6.主菜礼仪 

吃肉扒要从左边切起。吃鱼时要注意,吃完上面的鱼肉后不要将鱼翻身,而应用刀叉挑去整付鱼骨后再吃下面的鱼肉。吃龙虾时,第一步先要将刀子插入虾壳和虾肉之间,使之剥离,再将肉取出,慢慢地切片享用。 

7.水果及甜品 

吃冰淇淋蛋糕应从自己面前的一侧吃起,如果是三角型蛋糕则应从顶上开始吃。餐后水果一般都是切皮去籽后的果块,吃起来很方便,如果像哈蜜瓜一样连皮的瓜类,应先切去皮现切小块食用。 

8.其他 

饮用鸡尾酒是一种礼貌,如果你不胜酒力,或不知在这种场合应点什么,那么PINK LADY 或DAIQUIRI保你不会醉醺醺地失态。 

饮用咖啡、奶茶或柠檬时,不要用手把糖直接放入杯中。正确的方法是把方糖先放入茶匙,再将茶匙放入杯中,这样保证不会水花四溅。用完茶匙后,应将茶匙横放在茶碟向外侧,才合乎礼仪。 

去西餐厅、咖啡厅都应将手袋放在背部和椅背之间的位置,放在桌面或膝上都不雅观。 

在西方餐桌礼仪中,要求男士不应该在女士吃完之前先结束用餐,所以习惯于慢条斯理的女士应注意适当调节用餐速度,不要令男士等太久。 

 

分餐:自助餐实行的是“分餐制”。取菜前每个人应准备好自己的餐具、食盘。取菜时,应用公用的餐具将食物放入自己的食盘内,不要用自己的餐具取菜。 

 

自取:在取食品的时候还要遵循一个原则,就是:只取自己的!有些好客的主人看到好菜(诸如大虾之类)不禁会多取一些给同桌的其他人,反而令同伴尴尬。至于中餐中的劝酒劝吃的做法,也可暂时停用一次,改日请吃涮羊肉时再举杯不迟。 

 

适量:参加自助餐会,应遵循“多次少取”的原则,取食时要量力而行,每次取餐少取一点,品尝之后,如感觉不错可以再取,反复去也不会引起非议,当然前提是吃完盘内的食物再去,避免“多吃多占”。 

 

打包:无论如何都不要将自助餐打包,外带食物回去,即便是不用付费的内部自助餐会也要遵守这一点。其实,自助餐在很大程度上具有商务活动功能,与其他客人进行交往才是首要的事情,吃东西往往处于次要地位。 

无论无何,在您欲享受异国美味的时候,事先了解一些要则,对于即将去吃西餐的您来说,是大有裨益的。请记住在西方,去饭店吃饭一般都要事先预约。在预约时,有几点要特别注意说清楚,首先要说明人数和时间,其次要表明是否要吸烟区或视野良好的座位。如果是生日或其他特别的日子,可以告知宴会的目的和预算。在预定时间到达,是基本的礼貌。再昂贵的休闲服,也不能随意穿着上餐厅吃饭时穿着得体是欧美人的常识。去高档的餐厅,男士要穿整洁;女士要穿套装和有跟的鞋子。如果指定穿正式的服装的话,男士必须打领带,进入餐厅时,男士应先开门,请女士进入。应请女士走在前面。入座、餐点端来时,都应让女士优先。特别是团体活动,更别忘了让女士们走在前面。 

 

 


生词表:
  • restaurant [´restərɔnt] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.饭店,菜馆   (初中英语单词)
  • impress [im´pres, ´impres] 移动到这儿单词发声  v.铭刻 n.印记;特征   (初中英语单词)
  • formal [´fɔ:məl] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.正式的;外表的   (初中英语单词)
  • instance [´instəns] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.例子,实例,例证   (初中英语单词)
  • exception [ik´sepʃən] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.例外;反对,异议   (初中英语单词)
  • polite [pə´lait] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.有礼貌的;温和的   (初中英语单词)
  • european [juərə´pi:ən] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.欧洲的 n.欧洲人   (初中英语单词)
  • swallow [swɔləu] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.燕子 v.吞,咽;淹没   (初中英语单词)
  • contact [´kɔntækt] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.接触;联系 v.联络   (初中英语单词)
  • parallel [´pærəlel] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.平行的 n.平行线   (初中英语单词)
  • reading [´ri:diŋ] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.(阅)读;朗读;读物   (初中英语单词)
  • honestly [´ɔnistli] 移动到这儿单词发声  ad.诚实地,老实地   (初中英语单词)
  • properly [´prɔpəli] 移动到这儿单词发声  ad.适当地;严格地   (初中英语单词)
  • professional [prə´feʃənəl] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.职业的 n.自由职业   (初中英语单词)
  • dessert [di´zə:t] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.(餐后)甜食   (高中英语单词)
  • napkin [´næpkin] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.餐巾;手帕;尿布   (高中英语单词)
  • roughly [´rʌfli] 移动到这儿单词发声  ad.粗糙地;毛糙地   (高中英语单词)
  • enjoyment [in´dʒɔimənt] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.享受;愉快;乐趣   (高中英语单词)
  • lettuce [´letis] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.莴苣   (高中英语单词)
  • refrain [ri´frein] 移动到这儿单词发声  v.抑制;忍住 n.迭句   (高中英语单词)
  • switch [switʃ] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.开关 v.转换   (高中英语单词)
  • acceptance [ək´septəns] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.接受;承认   (高中英语单词)
  • grease [gri:s] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.脂肪;油脂 vt.涂油   (高中英语单词)
  • counter [´kauntə] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.计算者;柜台;计算机   (高中英语单词)
  • saying [´seiŋ, ´sei-iŋ] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.言语;言论;格言   (高中英语单词)
  • fashionable [´fæʃənəbəl] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.流行的,时髦的   (高中英语单词)
  • waiter [´weitə] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.侍者,服务员   (英语四级单词)
  • setting [´setiŋ] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.安装;排字;布景   (英语四级单词)
  • farthest [´fɑ:ðist] 移动到这儿单词发声  ad.&a.最远(的)   (英语四级单词)
  • saucer [´sɔ:sə] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.茶托;浅碟   (英语四级单词)
  • trying [´traiiŋ] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.难堪的;费劲的   (英语四级单词)
  • acceptable [ək´septəbəl] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.可接受的;合意的   (英语四级单词)
  • completion [kəm´pli:ʃən] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.完成;完整   (英语四级单词)
  • overboard [´əuvəbɔ:d] 移动到这儿单词发声  ad.向船外;到水中   (英语四级单词)
  • duration [djuə´reiʃən] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.持久;持续期间   (英语六级单词)
  • incessantly [in´sesntli] 移动到这儿单词发声  ad.不断地,不停地   (英语六级单词)
  • taking [´teikiŋ] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.迷人的 n.捕获物   (英语六级单词)
  • holding [´həuldiŋ] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.保持,固定,存储   (英语六级单词)
  • invaluable [in´væljuəbəl] 移动到这儿单词发声  a.无价的,非常重要的   (英语六级单词)
  • etiquette [´etiket] 移动到这儿单词发声  n.礼仪,礼节;规矩   (英语六级单词)


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