酷兔英语
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作文是英语知识水平的综合素质体现,它要求同学们既要有扎实的语言基本功,又要具备一定的审题能力、想象能力、表达能力、评价能力及书法排版能力。因为基本功不扎实,多数同学在作文时总会出现这样或者那样的问题,例如,文体不符、词汇误用、句子单一等,造成作文的得分较低,影响了总的英语成绩。因此,作文能力不强一直是同学们比较普遍的问题。其实归结起来,作文"缺钙"一共有四类症状,深入地剖析这些症状,就能找到作文偏科的根本原因,同时写作时适当地套用一些模板,给写作能力"缺钙"的同学好好进补。


 症状一文体格式混乱
【表现】 读了作文要求之后,提笔就写--明明要求写一封表达建议的书信,结果写成了议论文;或者明明要求写说明文,偏偏写成了记叙文;或者总算文体没有弄错,结果写通知误用日记的格式,写书信又误用通知的格式。
【症结】 平时缺乏作文文体方面的针对性训练,对英语作文的几种常用文体及其相应的写作格式不熟悉,拿到写作材料习惯性地对写作要求一扫而过,提笔就写自己最熟悉的格式。
【突破之道】明确文体和对应格式
常用文体有记叙文、说明文、议论文还有应用文等。近几年的高考书面表达多以应用文为主,提供的形式多以图画、提纲、表格出现,书写的格式大都是书信、通知。所以,同学们应该掌握书信的称呼、开头、正文、结尾、签名等方面,另外,口头通知和书面通知的不同要清楚。总之,同学们应根据写作提示分析材料,明确写作文体和其相应的格式。


 症状二 时态人称混乱
【表现】 作文时,时态和人称运用混乱--时态方面,要么整篇文章都是一种时态(以一般现在时、一般过去时居多),要么就是一段甚至一句话中出现三种以上的时态;人称方面,要么文章开头是第一人称,写到文中甚至文末就成了第二、第三人称,要么前面是单数人称,写着写着就变成复数人称。
【症结】 英语基础知识不牢固,对英语中时态和人称所代表的含义及其运用掌握不足,因此无法根据文体来选择正确的时态和人称而滥用或者混用。
【突破之道】 明确时态和人称
同学们要根据选好的文体和写作内容确定时态和人称。一般来说,记人叙事多用一般过去时;发布通知多用一般将来时和祈使句式;发表议论大多用带有情态动词的一般现在时;人物介绍、现状说明常用一般现在时和现在完成时。定准时态后接下来一定要知道各时态的构成及用法要点,但要记住,写作时时态并不唯一,要依据表达内容而选定正确的时态。人称方面则要注意前后统一,避免出现前后人称属性或者单复数不一致的情况。


 症状三 词汇运用混乱
【表现】 经常出现乱用词语的现象,同时使用一些较难的、较长的、用法不熟悉的单词,或者明明用一些简单的词汇就能够很清楚地表达意思,偏偏要选择一些难度较大的、不常用的表达方式。
【症结】 写作时对文章的脉络把握不足就匆匆下笔,对其中所需的词汇和常用表达方式理解记忆不牢固。平时练习时,习惯性地忽略一些形式简单但用途较广泛的基本词汇和表达方式,喜欢选择复杂的词汇和表达方式。
【突破之道】确定所需主要词汇和所用表达结构
应该根据文章体裁和内容逐个确定写作要点。对于图画和图表可在草稿纸上用中文列出并理清要点,然后选词造句,要注意语言的准确得当,力求用最简洁的话表达准确的意思。同时,平时写作要多进行发散思维,例如,是用verysorry还是terriblysorry,是surprised还astonished。同学们应学会尽可能避免使用较高级的语法结构和词汇,如非谓语动词、复合句等,以免造成过失性失分.


 症状四语序句序混乱
【表现】 作文的语序、句序混乱,通常这里写一点,跳过去又另起一点,这样造成要么文章洋洋洒洒一大篇却全是废话,没有中心和重点,什么都没有表达清楚;要么通篇没有适当的过渡词、句,整篇文章一"逗"到底,密密麻麻让人找不着北。
【症结】 平时练习时不注意表达的连贯性,想到哪里就写到哪里,写作之前没有列提纲的习惯,不去深入思索怎样表达才能达到最好的效果,从而造成整篇文章逻辑思维混乱,层次不清晰。
【突破之道】 整理成篇 行文连贯
同学们应该根据写作内容列好简要提纲,分清文章的层次,确定详略,写好的单句要重新排列组合起来,使之前后连贯成一篇完整的文章。同时选用恰当的关联词或句子使文章过渡自然,行文流畅。另外,该分段时要分段,这样文章才能中心突出,一目了然,整篇作文才能如行云流水般整齐划一。


2008万能英语模板


图标作文


As is shown by the figure/percentage in the table/picture,____ has been on rise/ decrease, significantly/dramatically rising/decreasing from ____ in _____ to _____ in _____. From the sharp rise/decline in the chart, it goes without saying that _____.


There are at least two good reasons accounting for _____. In one hand, ____.In the other hand, _____ is due to the fact that ______.In addition, ______ is responsible for _____. Maybe there are some other reasons to show ______.But itis generally believed that the above mentioned reasons are commonly convincing.


As far as I am concerned, I hold the point of view that _______. I am sure my opinion is both sound and well-grounded.


书信作文模板


Your address


Month, Date, year


Receiver's address


Dear ...,


I am extremely pleased to hear from you. And I would like to write a letter to tell you that_____.


......


I will greatly appreciate a response from you at your earliest convenience/I am looking f0rward to your replies at your earliest convenience.


Best regards for your health and success.


Sincerely yours,


话题作文


Nowadays, there are more and more __ _ in __ _. It is estimated that ___. Why have there been so many ____? Maybe the reasons can be listed as follows.


The first one is ______. Besides,_____. The third one is _____. To sum up, the main cause of it is due to _____. It is high time that something were done upon it. For one thing,_____. For another thing, _____. All these measures will certainly reduce the number of _____.


对比观点作文


_____ is becoming more and more popular recently. There are two sides of opinions of it. Some people say ____ is their favorite. They hold their view for the reason of ____. What is more,_____。Moreover,______.


While others think that _____ is a better choice in the following three reasons. Firstly,_____. Secondly (besides),______. Thirdly (finally),_____.


From my point of view, I think _____. The reason is that _____. As a matter of fact, there are some other reasons to explain my choice. For me, the former is surely a wise choice.



关键字:考试动态
生词表:
  • secondly [´sekəndli] 移动到这儿单词发声 a.第二(点);其次 六级词汇


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