6. The First Class 第一堂课
A: Today I had my first English class
B: How was it?
A: It was interesting. The teacher gave us three ways to help ourselves learn the language. First, stop talking anything except English. Then learn many complete sentences by heart. Finally, have American friends tell us how they say things we have trouble with, and always imitate them.
by heart 默记
how they say things we have trouble with 我们感到难以表达的那些事物他们是如何表述的
7. Hearing and Writing 听和写
A: Tell me about your English class, Mary.
B: Well, yesterday the teacher wro-te some sentences on the board. The first was "if you can't produce the sounds of a langua-ge acceptable, then you can't really hear them when other people make them". Next he worte, "if you can't hear the sounds of a language then you probably can't write the language well. Your inadequate pronunciation contributes to making your writing substandard."
A: Do you think that's right?
B: I don't know, Bob. I'll tell you when the course is over.
8. Learning English 学英语
A: Ralph, do me a favor, will you?
B: That all depends on what it is.
A: This is the proble, I'm still having trouble with my English. The instructor suggests that I ask an American to help me by telling me how he says the things I say which just aren't English. I wanted you to be the American.
B: What good'll it do? You never speak English unless you absolutely have to. I'll help you if you promise to speak noting but English all the time.
A: All right. Maybe I'll do that. It's the only way I'll be able to learn English fast enough, I guess.
What good'll it do? - it will be useless
Unless you absolutely have to... 除了你非...不可
Make a bargain with sb. 同...约定
9. Learning Vocabulary 学习词汇
A: I don't understand why we have to memorize conversations. We need more vocabulary, not pronunciation.
B: Don't you think memorizing conversations is a part of learning vocabulary? Every time we memorize a conversation, we're memorizing a whole series of contexts. Each context tells us one way a word can be used, I know from my own language that I can't always use words by simply looking them up in a dictionary and then putting them into sentences. Some words have many meanings. We have to know which meanings go where.
Which meanings go where 哪一种解释讲得通
A: You know, Ralph, since I started speaking English all the time my pronunciation's getting better and even the grammar's beginning to make some sense. But I don't think I'll ever be able to spell.
B: You're not alone there. I have trouble with spelling too. When I was in grade school, I learned which words were the most frequently misspelled, but I never did learn how to spell them.
A: Since it's so difficult, why is it so important to learn how to spell properly?
B: Because if you spell satisfactorily, you're considered educated. If you don't, you're not.
Make sense - to become understandable
Grade school (美国的)小学