酷兔英语

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  6. The First Class 第一堂课


  A: Today I had my first English class
  B: How was it?
  A: It was interesting. The teacher gave us three ways to help ourselves learn the language. First, stop talking   anything except English. Then learn many complete sentences by heart. Finally, have American friends tell us how they say things we have trouble with, and always imitate them.


  Notes:
  by heart 默记
  how they say things we have trouble with 我们感到难以表达的那些事物他们是如何表述的
  imitate 模仿


  译文:
  A:今天我上了第一堂英语课
  B:课上得怎样?
  A:很在意思。老师告诉我们有三种方法可帮助我们学习语言。首先,除英语外不要用其他语言谈话。其次.背下大量完整的句子。最后请美国朋友告诉我们,我们在口语中感到困难的那些句子,他们是怎样表达的,并且要一直模仿他们。


  7. Hearing and Writing 听和写


  A: Tell me about your English class, Mary.
  B: Well, yesterday the teacher wro-te some sentences on the board. The first was "if you can't produce the sounds of a langua-ge acceptable, then you can't really hear them when other people make them". Next he worte, "if you can't hear the sounds of a language then you probably can't write the language well. Your inadequate pronunciation contributes to making your writing substandard."
  A: Do you think that's right?
  B: I don't know, Bob. I'll tell you when the course is over.


  Notes
  Substandasd--unacceptable, inferior


  译文:


  A:玛丽,给我说说你们英语课
  B:好吧,昨天老师在黑板上写了一些句子。第一句话是"对于一种语言如果你不能正确地发音,那么当别人发这些音时你实际上不可能听懂。"然后他又写道"如果你听不懂一种语言的发音,你大概也不可能很好地书写这种语言。你的不合格的发音将导致你的书写也不能令人满意。"
  A:你认为这对吗?
  B:我不知道,鲍勃。等这门课结束时我会告诉你的。


  8. Learning English 学英语


  A: Ralph, do me a favor, will you?
  B: That all depends on what it is.
  A: This is the proble, I'm still having trouble with my English. The instructor suggests that I ask an American to help me by telling me how he says the things I say which just aren't English. I wanted you to be the American.
  B: What good'll it do? You never speak English unless you absolutely have to. I'll help you if you promise to speak noting but English all the time.
  A: All right. Maybe I'll do that. It's the only way I'll be able to learn English fast enough, I guess.


  Notes
  What good'll it do? - it will be useless
  Unless you absolutely have to... 除了你非...不可
  Make a bargain with sb. 同...约定


  A:拉尔夫,帮我一个忙,好吗?
  B:这要看帮什么忙。
  A:我有个困难。我的英语仍然遇到麻烦。老师建议我请一位美国人帮助,要他告诉我,我说的那些根本不像英语的话应当怎样说。我想要你做这个美国人。
  B:这有什么用?你除了非说不可的时候,你从来不说英语。好吧!我跟你达成一个协议:如果你保证在任何时候除了英语外什么也不说,我就帮助你。
  A:好吧,也许我能办得到。我想这是我能迅速学会英语的唯一方法。


  9. Learning Vocabulary 学习词汇


  A: I don't understand why we have to memorize conversations. We need more vocabulary, not pronunciation.
  B: Don't you think memorizing conversations is a part of learning vocabulary? Every time we memorize a conversation, we're memorizing a whole series of contexts. Each context tells us one way a word can be used, I know from my own language that I can't always use words by simply looking them up in a dictionary and then putting them into sentences. Some words have many meanings. We have to know which meanings go where.


  Notes
  Context (文章或讲话中的)前后文(根据前后文的逻辑可以确定某一个具有多种解释的词或短语的含义)
  Which meanings go where 哪一种解释讲得通


  A:我弄不懂为什么我们一定要记住会话。我们需要的是词汇,而不是发音。
  B:你不认为记住会话是学习词汇的一个组成部分吗?每当我们记住一句会话,我们就记住了全部的上下文。而这上下文可以供我们了解一个单词的一种用法。我从自己的语言中意识到,光靠查词典然后把这些词汇拼成句子,并不意味着会正确使用这些词。有些意识有很多解释。我们必须弄清楚在哪种情况下适用哪一种解释。


  10.Spelling 拼写


  A: You know, Ralph, since I started speaking English all the time my pronunciation's getting better and even the grammar's beginning to make some sense. But I don't think I'll ever be able to spell.
  B: You're not alone there. I have trouble with spelling too. When I was in grade school, I learned which words were the most frequently misspelled, but I never did learn how to spell them.
  A: Since it's so difficult, why is it so important to learn how to spell properly?
  B: Because if you spell satisfactorily, you're considered educated. If you don't, you're not.


  Notes
  Make sense - to become understandable
  Grade school (美国的)小学


  A:拉尔夫,你知道,自从我开始所有时间都讲英语以来,我的发音有了进步,而且语法也开始理顺了。不过我不认为我能把字拼出来。
  B:不是你一个人如此。我在拼音方面也有困难。当我上小学的时候,我知道哪些词是经常拼错的,但我没有学会如何拼这些词。
  A:既然这么难,为什么学会准确拼音又如此重要呢?
  B:因为如果你能准确无误地拼音,人家就会把你看作受到教育的人。否则,在别人眼里你是个缺乏教育的人。


关键字:英语听力
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文章标签:情景会话  

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