President Barack Obama's electionvictory
exposed tectonic demographic shifts in American society that are reordering the U.S. political landscape.
The 2012 presidentialelection
likely will be remembered as marking the end of long-standing coalitions, as voters regroup in cultural, ethnic and economic patterns that challenge
both parties -- but especially Republicans.
Older voters and white working-class voters, once core elements of the Democratic Party, have drifted into the Republican column. Rural and small-town voters, whose grandparents backed the New Deal, now fill the swath of the U.S. that leans reliably GOP.
But in cities and dynamic suburbs, a rapidly growing force of Latinos, Asian-Americans, African-Americans and higher-income whites emerged this week as the strength of Mr. Obama's winning
'The Democrats now own a coalition of emerging metro areas where the whites and minorities live together, and where they vote Democratic,' said Robert Lang, a demographer who directs the Brookings Mountain West, a research
center at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas.
内华达大学(University of Nevada)拉斯维加斯分校Brookings Mountain West研究中心主任、人口学家朗格(Robert Lang)说，民主党目前在新兴大都会地区拥有一个选民联盟，在这些地区，白人和少数族裔一起生活，他们把票投给民主党。
In northern Virginia's Fairfax County, for example, Democratic Rep. Gerry Connolly represents a district where 20 years ago, he said, 3% of residents were born outside the U.S. Now, it is nearly 30%, with the majority Asian immigrants.
Mr. Obama won big there Tuesday, helping him to tally the once reliably Republican state of Virginia for the second straight general election.
Similar shifts throughout the U.S. help explain how Mr. Obama was returned to the White House on support from young people, minorities, women and upscale whites, a coalition virtuallyidentical
to the one that carried him to victory
four years ago.
Some political analysts thought that coalition came together only because of the historic
nature of Mr. Obama's 2008 victory
and wouldn't prove durable. That belief
didn't hold up this week.
The question now is whether Mr. Obama and other members of his party can solidify this coalition into a foundation
of the Democratic Party.
Republicans said their party won a smashing victory
elections just two years ago, when they took control of the House of Representatives, illustrating that there is no clear claim for either party.
The 2010 election, they said, shows that even with modest
inroads among Latino and Asian-American voters, the GOP can build a solid majority on the foundation
of its strong white support. Republicans enjoy historically high levels of control over governorships and state legislatures, which they say shows the party's potential
if it can improve its message to minorities.
In any case, both Democrats and Republicans see new contours of a split electorate.
Twenty years after supporting former President Bill Clinton, a majority of white voters have returned to where they were during the Reagan administration, firmly
planted in the Republican camp. Nearly six in 10 white voters told exit pollsters Tuesday that they sided with Republicans, up from 40% during Mr. Clinton's 1992 presidential
is the GOP's loose grip on minority
voters: just 29% of Latinos, 25% of Asians and 8% of African Americans said Tuesday they identified with the Republican Party.
The trend has strengthened the Democrats' hold in cities and extended
a new reach into once-white suburbs now filling with successful Asian and South Asian immigrants, as well as Hispanics.
Mr. Obama scored a big win, for example, in Denver's Arapahoe County, a bedroom community
of family farms and high-tech firms. The county, in turn, helped propel
Mr. Obama to victory
for the second time in Colorado, formerly
a Republican-leaning state.
also cast a spotlight on a generational shift under way.
Senior citizens, who swung to the Democrats during the Medicare and Social Security fights of the 1990s, have swerved to Republicans. Close to six in 10 seniors backed Republican presidentialcandidate
Mitt Romney, according to exit polls Tuesday, up from the 51% of the group siding with Sen. John McCain in 2008.
上世纪90年代在"联邦医保"和"社会保障"争斗中偏向民主党的老年选民已经倒向共和党。据周二的选后民调，接近六成的老年选民支持共和党总统候选人罗姆尼(Mitt Romney)，而2008年老龄选民支持麦凯恩(John McCain)的比例为51%。
The split by age reached even deeper: A majority of voters age 40 and older sided with Mr. Romney. The majority of every younger age group voted for Mr. Obama, according to exit polls.
When former President George H.W. Bush, Mr. Reagan and Mr. Clinton won their respective
elections, they won among all ages. But no Republican presidentialcandidate
has won a majority of voters under age 30 since Mr. Bush in 1988.
前总统老布什(George H.W. Bush)、里根、克林顿在赢得各自的选举时，都赢得了所有年龄段选民的支持。但从1988年的老布什之后，还没有哪个共和党总统候选人赢得了30岁以下选民中的多数。
Polls earlier this year showed cooling interest among young voters in the Obama re-election campaign. But turnout among voters ages 18 to 29, in fact, eclipsed the 2008 election, with nearly 60% siding with the president.
turnout by younger voters boosted Democrats nearly as much as the strong showing among Latinos.
Concerns grew Wednesday among some Republicans that the party's base will be hobbled in national elections if it becomes too old, too rural and too white. 'What worries me is that the GOP is about to become the WOP -- the White Old Party,' said Norm Coleman, a former Minnesota senator.
周三一些共和党人更加担心，如果共和党过于老龄化、乡村化、白色化，那么该党在全国的选民基础将更加薄弱。前明尼苏达参议员科尔曼(Norm Coleman)说，让我担心的是GOP（大老党，共和党代称）即将变成WOP──白老党(White Old Party)。
Nothing casts more fear in the GOP than estrangement with the swelling U.S. Hispanic population, which now accounts for 10% of the electorate.
During the 1970s and 1980s, Republican presidential
candidates routinely received a third or more of the Latino vote. Former President George W. Bush garnered just over 40% in 2004. That share has since plummeted amid sometimes harsh debate
to deal with millions of illegal
from Mexico, living in the U.S.
20世纪70年代和80年代，共和党总统候选人经常获得三分之一或以上的拉丁裔选票。2004年，前总统小布什(George W. Bush)获得的拉丁裔选票略超40%。后来因为在关于非法移民的立法辩论中不时发表强硬措辞，共和党这一比例大幅下降。美国有数百万非法移民，大部分来自墨西哥。
Mr. Romney got 29% of the Hispanic vote Tuesday, the lowest share since Sen. Bob Dole ran for president in 1996.
'The party has hit a new floor,' said Al Cardenas, the head of the American Conservative Union and former chairman of the Florida Republican Party. 'The reality
is we face a very big, very important shifting demographic in the country, and we saw how it played out in Colorado, Florida, Nevada and Virginia.'
美国保守派联盟(American Conservative Union)主席、佛罗里达共和党(Florida Republican Party)前主席卡德纳斯(Al Cardenas)说，共和党已经降至新的低点；我们面临的现实是美国正在发生非常大、非常重要的人口变迁，科罗拉多、佛罗里达、内华达和弗吉尼亚的情况就体现了这一点。
Mr. Obama beat Mr. Romney among Latinos by 58% to 40% in Florida; 87% to 10% in Colorado; 80% to 17% in Nevada; and 66% to 31% in Virginia, according to an ImpreMedia/Latino Decisions poll.
'Texas probably has a huge potential
to trend Democratic if the Democratic Party engages the electorate there,' said Matt Barreto, co-founder of the Latino Decisions polling firm.
调查公司Latino Decisions联合创始人巴雷托(Matt Barreto)说，如果民主党跟得克萨斯的选民相接触，那么该州向民主党倾斜的潜力可能是非常大的。
The Romney campaigndevoted
attention to Asian voters, particularly in northern Virginia. Exit polls showed the Asian vote expanding to 3% of the total U.S. electorate -- an all-time high -- with 75% of those votes cast for Mr. Obama.
Neil King Jr.
Neil King Jr.