酷兔英语

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文章标签:写作  英语写作  

诸如"with the development of our society"这样的句子可能是中国考生最爱写的一类套话了。考生通常会把这类套话安排在主题句的前面,美其名曰"先交代时代背景,再引出主题句"。这类套话还会衍生出无数"变种",比较夸张的写法是:"Along with the dramatic economic growth and groundbreaking social and psychological displacement, there's an urgent demand that our country have more newspapers and magazines."看过上千篇"范文"的考官一眼就能看出"Along with the dramatic economic growth and groundbreaking social and psychological displacement, there's an urgent demand that"是"凑字"的空话。

那么该如何替换这一类空话呢?其中一个办法是使用"......很重要,我们要重视"这样的句子形成主题句,然后对"......很重要,我们要重视"这个意思进行结构变换或修辞处理,使用词和结构更加多样化。下面用语法结构解析的方法来逐一分析"......很重要,我们要重视"的表达方式。

1. 用"主―系―表"结构表达。"主―系―表"结构是英语写作中最为基础的结构,它的基本结构是"名词+be (变形)+形容词"。在用该结构替换上文所述空洞无物的套话时,可以使用"not only +形容词, but also +形容词"结构,比如写成:"... is not only necessary, but also indispensable",然后后面再补充一句:"and that's why we are supposed to emphasize its central position in our society."这样就能成功将"随着社会的发展"这一空话替换下来。

2. 用"主―谓―宾"结构表达。上文中的句子还可以这样表达:"... plays a significant part in our society, so it is essential that its position be emphasized."细心的考生可以发现,虽然是表达同一个意思,但"主―系―表"结构和"主―谓―宾"结构采用了不同的句子形式,这两种表达方式都直接、有效。

3. 用否定句和被动语态表达。否定句和被动语态结合起来使用能使表达更加多样,也更具客观性,如:"The central position of ... cannot be ignored. So we are expected to underscore its importance in our society."

4. 用until正话反说或反话正说。可以用"... has been overlooked until recently. But ..."这一句型来为"......很重要,我们要重视"这个意思做铺垫,从而使句意表达更加生动,比如:"The importance of ... has been in large measure overlooked until recently. But nowadays, it is not only necessary, but also indispensable in our society. "

5. 将"重视"和"重要"的顺序颠倒,先写"重视",再写"重要"。比如:"We are supposed to emphasize its central position in our society, because it is not only necessary, but also indispensable."



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