In a backyard of this dusty, isolated town in the heart of Australia's outback are signs of a modern-day gold rush.
Stuart Hooper, 60 years old, has turned material available
from a hardware
store and a hodgepodge of parts into a contraption that processes about 10 troy ounces of gold each week from his private mine about 150 miles away.
The former farmer and cattle hand figures he makes $250,000 to $300,000 Australian dollars (US$264,000 to US$317,000) a year. 'It's not difficult to put a plant together,' he says. 'You just have to be a bit of a boilermaker and electrician.'
of gold prices, which hit new intraday records above $1,900 an ounce this month, is propelling a return of gold fever in this remote
region, known as the Goldfields after an 1892 find sparked one of the last gold rushes.
Mr. Hooper is among 6,000 gold prospector
s who are active in Western Australia, according to the Amalgamated Prospectors and Leaseholders Association of Western Australia.
据西澳大利亚混合探矿者暨承租人协会（Amalgamated Prospectors and Leaseholders Association of Western Australia）统计，胡珀只是活跃在西澳大利亚州的6,000位淘金者之一。
The state's Department of Mines and Petroleum granted 1,721 miner's rights to small-scale prospector
s in the first six months of this year. That tops the 1,594 licenses issued in 2006, when gold was about $600 an ounce.
今年头六个月，西澳大利亚州的矿业和石油部（Department of Mines and Petroleum）向小型探矿者授予了1,721项采矿许可，这超过2006年发出的1,594项。2006的金价只有大约600美元/盎司。
In an industry dominated by Canada's Barrick Gold Corp. and Denver's Newmont Mining Corp., which together produced 15% of global output
in 2010, Kalgoorlie is a rare corner of the world where small-scale miners still have a toehold.
在被加拿大的巴瑞克黄金公司（Barrick Gold Corp.）和美国的纽蒙特矿业公司（Newmont Mining Corp.）所把持的黄金产业，卡尔古利是一个全球难觅的角落，在这里小规模矿主仍有立足之地。2010年，上述两家企业的产量占全球产出的15%。
A century ago, as the last gold rushes were petering out, the vast majority of the world's gold was produced by small miners. These days, an estimated 330 tons are produced by prospector
s in 70 countries, or 11% of global mined production, according to the Artisanal Gold Council, a nongovernmental organization in Canada.
黄金是由小矿主开采的。如今，据加拿大的非政府组织Artisanal Gold Council估计，70个国家的探矿者开采了330吨的黄金，只占全球矿产量的11%。
Located near the southern end of a 500-mile field formed 2.6 billion
years ago when gold-bearing magma from deep under the earth welled up in a series
of earthquakes, the region surrounding
Kalgoorlie contains about 6% of all the economically recoverable gold in the world, according to Geoscience Australia, a government agency.
At the gold rush's peak around the turn of the 20th century, Kalgoorlie had 30,000 residents and eight breweries.
With such abundant
reserves, Kalgoorlie's modern-day prospector
s are more than just hobbyists. According to the Amalgamated Prospectors and Leaseholders Association, small prospector
s produce four to six tons of gold in the state every year. In contrast
, Australia's largest gold mine produced 23.4 tons last year. Known as the Super-Pit, the Barrick-Newmont joint venture's waste pile overshadows parts of Kalgoorlie. The open pit reaches 2,000 feet below ground.
Aspiring gold moguls have numerous local role models. Mark Creasy, a veteranprospector
who now employs 10 geologists and staff, made at least A$130 million when he sold his Bronzewing and Jundee discoveries north of Kalgoorlie in 1994.
Both were sold to Newmont and are still producing gold. Jundee brought up US$400 million of gold last year alone, while Bronzewing, now owned by Navigator Resources Ltd., is targeting 100,000 ounces of annual
Bronzewing和Jundee金矿都卖给了纽蒙特矿业公司，目前还能开采出黄金。单是去年一年Jundee金矿的黄金产出价值4亿美元。现在为Navigator Resources Ltd.所拥有的Bronzewing金矿则将年产出目标定在了10万盎司。